Neryungri is the second largest town and the administrative center of Neryungrinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. Population:61,747 (2010). The name of the town comes from the Evenk word for "grayling".
It was founded in 1975 due to the development of the nearby coal basin. The town is the center of a large coal field discovered about 1970. It is located on the Amur Yakutsk Mainline and the Lena Highway, 202 kilometers (126 mi) by rail north of Tynda. Nearby, all in the coal basin, are Berkakit: 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south; Serebryany Bor: 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) east with a thermal coal power plant; Chulman: 30 kilometers (19 mi) north, with the Chulman Airport; and a large open pit coal mine northwest across the Chulman River.