Moscow - Krasnodar

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Krasnodar is a city and the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kuban River about 148 kilometers (92 mi) northeast of the Black Sea port ofNovorossiysk. Population: 744,995 (2010). It was founded on January 12, 1794 (Gregorian calendar) as Yekaterinodar. The original name meant "Catherine's Gift", recognizing both Catherine the Great's grant of land in the Kuban region to the Black Sea Cossacks and Saint Catherine of Alexandria, who is considered to be the patron of the city. In December 1920, as a result of the October Revolution, Yekaterinodar was renamed Krasnodar (Gift of the Reds). The new name consists of Krasno- (Красно- – 'red', i.e.Communist, but also archaic/poetic form of 'beautiful'); and dar (дар – 'gift').